Ancient Roman Timeline

The ancient Roman timeline chronologically describes the history of ancient Rome, as in how Rome was founded, how and when the Roman Republic was established, the wars that happened in the ancient Roman period.

753 BC: Rome was founded

According to the Roman legend, two brothers Romulus and Remus who were descendants of the Trojan Prince Aeneas, wanted to lay the foundation of a city but disputed over which hill to site the city on. Romulus killed Remus and that’s how Rome was founded on the Palatine Hill, on the bank of the River Tiber.

509 BC: Republic was established

The ancient Roman history states that dictatorial rule of King Tarqunius Superbus prompted his expulsion by the aristocrats of Rome. In his place, the ancient Roman nobles established a Republic ruled by consuls elected annually and guided by a Senate.

406 BC: Rome attacked Veii

The first major victory of Rome over Veii, the neighbouring Etruscan city. The siege of Veii lasted for almost 10 years.

264-241 BC: The First Punic War

Rome defeated Carthage in a series of sea battles and eventually took possession of Sicily.

218-202 BC: The Second Punic War began

The Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca marched his forces over the Alps to take over the Romans. He won a series of victories and almost defeated Rome. Fortunately somehow the Romans defeated Hannibal in the battle of Zama.

149-146 BC: The Third Punic War

After taking advantage of a border dispute, Rome moved ahead to crush Carthage. The superior forces of Rome besieged the city. When Carthage eventually declined in 146 BC, the Romans enslaved 50,000 Carthaginians.

65 BC: Caesar elected aedile

Julius Caesar struggled through the political life of Rome, but was finally elected to the influential position of organising games. Later, in 63 BC, he was elected the high priest or Pontifex Maximus..

59 BC: Caesar, Pompey and Crassus struck a triple alliance

Julius Caesar pulled off a three-way alliance between himself, Pompey and Marcus Crassus. The agreement propelled him to the benefits of consulship of 59 BC.

48 BC: Julius Caesar defeated Pompey

Julius Caesar defeats Pompey and his army in the battle of Pharsalus. Pompey fled to Egypt, where he was murdered.

44 BC: Death of Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar was declared dictator of Rome. A slew of Roman senators and nobles stabbed him to death on March 15, and this day is known as the ides of March.