The ancient Roman timeline chronologically describes the history of ancient Rome, as in how Rome was founded, how and when the Roman Republic was established, the wars that happened in the ancient Roman period.
Ancient Roman Timeline
753 BC: Rome was founded
According to the Roman legend, two brothers Romulus and Remus who were descendants of the Trojan Prince Aeneas wanted to lay the foundation of a city but disputed over which hill to site the city on. Romulus killed Remus and that’s how Rome was founded on the Palatine Hill, on the bank of the River Tiber.
509 BC: Republic was established
The ancient Roman history states that dictatorial rule of King Tarquinius Superbus prompted his expulsion by the aristocrats of Rome. In his place, the ancient Roman nobles established a Republic ruled by consuls elected annually and guided by a Senate.
406 BC: Rome attacked Veii
In the Roman Timeline, first major victory of Rome over Veii, the neighboring Etruscan city. The siege of Veii lasted for almost 10 years.
264-241 BC: The First Punic War
Rome defeated Carthage in a series of sea battles and eventually took possession of Sicily.
218-202 BC: The Second Punic War began
The Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca marched his forces over the Alps to take over the Romans. He won a series of victories and almost defeated Rome. Fortunately, somehow the Romans defeated Hannibal in the battle of Zama.
149-146 BC: The Third Punic War
After taking advantage of a border dispute, Rome moved ahead to crush Carthage. The superior forces of Rome besieged the city. When Carthage eventually declined in 146 BC, the Romans enslaved 50,000 Carthaginians.
65 BC: Caesar elected aedile
Julius Caesar struggled through the political life of Rome but was finally elected to the influential position of organizing games. Later, in 63 BC, he was elected the high priest or Pontifex Maximus.
59 BC: Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus struck a triple alliance
Julius Caesar pulled off a three-way alliance between himself, Pompey and Marcus Crassus. The agreement propelled him to the benefits of the consulship of 59 BC.
48 BC: Julius Caesar defeated Pompey
Julius Caesar defeats Pompey and his army in the battle of Pharsalus. Pompey fled to Egypt, where he was murdered.
44 BC: Death of Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar was declared dictator of Rome. A slew of Roman senators and nobles stabbed him to death on March 15, and this day is known as the ides of March.
Ancient Roman Civilization
The mother of the Ancient Roman Civilization was the Roman agricultural community that was founded on the Italian Peninsula during 10th century B.C. Located along the Mediterranean Sea; it became one of the largest and most dominating empires in the ancient world
In Roman Timeline, Roman Republic was established in 510 BC. Roman civilization was grouped into “classical antiquity” with ancient Greece. Augustus Caesar had been imperator of the Roman Empire for more than twenty years.
Ancient Roman Class Structure
The class of Rome was very class-conscious and highly hierarchical. In Ancient Roman Class, was determined solely by birth.
But later on, there was mobility between different classes as the class was not solely determined by birth. There was a wide gap between the upper class and the lower class.
Ancient Roman Mythology
Roman mythology consists of a number of traditional stories relating to ancient Rome’s legendary origins and religious systems presented in the literature and art of other cultures in any period
Stories from Greek Mythology are very famous all throughout the world and various interpretations have been found in children’s stories as well
Ancient Roman Christianity
Religion was something that was very important for the Romans. The Romans had a religion of their own. There was no central belief as such. There were a lot of rituals, traditions, superstitions, and taboos. The religion in Rome was less of a spiritual experience and more of a relationship that man has with the forces.
In fact, Roman Christianity was punished for a number of years. It was an entertainment for the people to feed the Christians to the lions. People used to enjoy this site.
Ancient Roman Gladiators
The word gladiator comes from gladius, the Latin word for a short sword. It was around 264 BC that the first gladiator contest of Rome took place as part of a funeral ritual. There were both professional and amateur fighters in ancient Rome.
Most gladiators would not fight more than three or four times a year. The gladiator contests took months to complete. Different gladiators trained in different weapons. They fought in single pairs. But there were also teams and sponsors. There was a gladiatorial oath to be taken.
Ancient Roman Sculpture
The ancient Roman sculpture is generally regarded as being a mass produced copy of Greek sculpture but this is quite clearly an oversimplification.
The earliest innovations of “classical” sculpture had already been adopted by the Etruscans.