During the ancient Roman period, the Roman census was conducted after a definite interval of time like it is done today. At the time of the census, only the men residing in the Roman Empire were taken into consideration for the purposes of counting the population. The men would then tell about their families like wives, children, assets or any other property.

Ancient Roman Census

The following is the Roman census of the Roman Empire before its division

Year

Census

(In Million)

Before 218- 202 BC

4

28 BC

4,063,000(including men and women)

8 BC

4- 5

2 BC

65

1 AD

50- 60

4 AD

55

The Roman Empire was in 285 AD was divided into two parts namely, the

Western Empire and the Eastern Empire. Census of the Western Roman

Empire and Eastern Roman Empire was as follows-

Western Roman Empire-

Territories

Census

Britain

750,000

Gaul and Rhineland

5,000,000

Spain

4,000,000

Italy

6,000,000

Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia

250,000

Africa, Numidia, Mauretania

3,000,000

Rhaetia, Noricum, Pannonia, Dalmatia

3,000,000

The total population of the Western Roman Empire was 22,000,000.

Eastern Roman Empire-

Territories

Census

Moesia and Thrace

2,500,000

Greece and Macedonia

3,500,000

Asia Minor

15,000,000

Syria, Palestine, and Mesopotamia

6,500,000

Egypt

6,500,000

Cyrenaica

500,000

The total population of Eastern Roman Empire was 34,000,000. Thus, the overall census of the Roman Empire after its division was 56 million.